Without any good reason whatever, most liberal scholars brand 1 Samuel 6:15 as "an interpolation," or as a "later insertion." B. G. Caird criticized the rendition here, writing that, "`They looked into the ark' is not a possible translation. Sinners lengthen out their own miseries by refusing to part with their sins. What is most interesting is the method they chose to transport the ark back to Israelite territory. Like many other figures in the Bible, this is an anthropomorphism, portraying God as a strong man laughing and making fun of some weak and bungling enemy. 6:26-27,33-35; or from Ramathaim Zuphim.  Willis also declared, "That this verse originally belonged to this narrative cannot be conclusively disproved. All other rights reserved. What had he done? 1 Samuel A2 Classic Bible Study Guide 3 1 Samuel 1:1-3:21 The life of Samuel marks a transition period in the history of Israel from the time of the judges to the kingdom of Saul and David. "After he had made sport of them" (1 Samuel 6:6). Jongejan: Genesis 15:1 : 08-08-2008: Ds. Summary 1 Samuel 7: Samuel exhorts the Israelites to (13-15) The ark is received with honor and joy at Beth Shemesh. if it goes up ... but if not (1 Samuel 6:9). are still operating in every great city on earth. 1. the ark . In 2 Samuel 1-5 David is proclaimed king by the people. He can show us our way â The course we should take to find the asses. And the Spirit of the LORD will come on you, and you shall prophesy with them, and shall be turned into another man. 1. EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE COMMENTARY 1 Samuel W G Blaikie. M. van Kooten: Genesis 16:8-10 Saul hunts David out of jealousy (1 Sa 21–31). God raises up Samuel as prophet and judge (1 Sa 1–7). As Smith stated it, "The question for the Philistines was simply this: would they restore the ark on the warning of one plague or would they hold out for ten plagues," and then send it back! " (2) "The second half of the verse merely repeats the sacrifice which had already been offered. "Prepare a new cart" (1 Samuel 6:7). 1 Chron. However, a careful study of the context and the passage demonstrates that the Masoretic reading of … 1 Samuel Resources Websites. Keith Simons. This indicates that the knowledge of God's deliverance of Israel from bondage in Egypt was well known all over the world. Tons more resources, better tools, NIV84 and easier navigation. "And the Levites took down the ark of the Lord" (1 Samuel 6:15). Their reasoning was basically the same as that of the Philistines.F26 As Young stated it, Their action illustrates man's desire to free himself from the presence of God instead of seeking to make himself fit for it.F27, The men of Kiriath-jearim came and took up the ark of the Lord (1 Samuel 7:1). D.C. Flapper: 1 Koningen 17:1 : 08-08-2008: Ds. 6:19-21, see the note under 1 Sam. 3. (1 Samuel 6:6). Click the Bible for the all new StudyLight.org!! "The abrupt mention of mice here constitutes a difficulty. 7:1 here, because most scholars treat it as the conclusion of 1 Sam. 1 Samuel 30:6. Five golden mice (1 Samuel 6:4). " This is no problem at all. Modern man has grossly underestimated the intelligence of ancient peoples. It was a Levite city (Joshua 21:16). 1 Samuel 6 (in 140 characters or less) The Philistines sent the ark away with guilt offerings. Before leaving this episode, the miraculous nature of what is revealed here should be stressed. 1 Samuel chapter 7 summary. Why should you harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? Furthermore, this offering of sacrifices at Beth-shemesh was no offense against the commandment to make sacrifices to the Lord only at the place of his sanctuary. While his words are admittedly conjectural, we appreciate R. P. Smith's suggestion of what probably took place: The meaning of this death of 70 men of Beth-shemesh was clear enough. In this third method, the entrails of some animal were poured out, and the arrangements of different portions were supposed to provide some kind of information to the observers! There were four places which carried this name; but the one here was located on the north border of Judah, near the Philistines, and was the closest town in Israel to which the Philistines returned the ark of the God of Israel. Egypt was the most powerful nation on earth at that time. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Our thought that the animal was really the rat is derived from that creature's known association with the bubonic plague, which, according to all the evidence, was the particular plague that struck Philistia. The men of Kiriath-jearim willingly complied with the request from Beth-shemesh; and the ark remained with them for twenty years. A study of the book of 1 Samuel 6: 1 – 21 1 Samuel 6: 1 – 21 You Dirty Rats 1 Now the ark of the LORD was in the country of the Philistines seven months. "The ark of the Lord was in the country of the Philistines seven months. A poem near the start of the book reveals the book's key themes: Godâs opposition to the proud, exultation of the humble, faithfulness in spite of evil, and the promise of a messianic king. ", THE FIVE CITIES OF THE PHILISTINES AND THE GUILT OFFERING, "These are the golden tumors which the Philistines returned as a guilt offering to the Lord: one for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for Ashkelon, one for Gath, one for Ekron; also the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities belonging to the five lords, both fortified cities and unwalled villages. There was one plague only, the bubonic disaster spread among the Philistines by the rats and the Cheops flea. The second so-called reason confuses the sacrifice of the cows, which was not provided by God's people at all, but by the Philistines, with the second sacrifice which was provided and offered by the Levites. And watch; if it goes up on the way to its own land, to Beth-shemesh, then it is he who has done all this great harm; but if not, then we shall know that it is not his hand that struck us; it happened to us by chance.". Cyril J. Barber - One of the finest devotional commentaries ever produced. In this chapter we have the return of the ark to the land of Israel, whither we are now gladly to attend it, and observe, I. The Ark Returned to Israel. For further comment on `shaking the arrows,' see our commentary on Ezekiel, pp. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "Why should you harden your hearts as the Egyptians and Pharaoh? Joseph's silver cup which was used for divining (Genesis 44:4) was probably utilized for that type of reading the future. Ze vroegen hun: "Hoe moeten we de kist van de Heer naar zijn eigen plaats terugsturen?" Tell us how we should send it to its place.” "The mention of Levites here poses a problem. Read chapter 6, then discuss these questions: (1) Read 1 Samuel 5:1-5 and 1 Samuel 31:10. There was even a third sacrifice, when all the citizens of Beth-shemesh gathered together and made burnt offerings and sacrifices, resulting in what might be called a feast to celebrate the happy occasion. 1 Samuel 1:1 See Septuagint and 1 Chron. Give Us a King! Now Samuel said to all Israel: âIndeed I have heeded your voice in all that you said to me, and have made a king over you. 6. "F23 How could a Biblical commentator write something like that in the light of the word of God? Many of these names, like this one, continued into Israelite times. "They shall not go in to look upon the holy things even for a moment, lest they die" (Numbers 4:20). It says 50,070 of "the people" died as the "LORD had smitten many of the people" and "the people" lamented over this. 1 Samuel 1:20 Samuel sounds like the Hebrew for heard by God. 1 and 2 Samuel were originally one book. So they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kiriath-jearim, saying, "The Philistines have returned the ark of the Lord. Posted on 6 Apr 2011 to 18,489 followers, with 8 retweets. So they split the wood of the cart and offered the cows as a burnt offering to the LORD. "The Israelites, no less than the Philistines, must reverence the presence of Jehovah their God. The device of the Philistines in sending back the ark was clearly experimental; and they had no certain knowledge as to the way it would turn out. Jerusalem source: a fairly brief source discussing David â¦ (2) that things new and previously unused are more properly used for sacred purposes than old or damaged things. And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall we do to the ark of the … Allegations that there must have been two plagues, one of the tumors, and the other of the mice (or rats) that have been confused and mixed up by some editor or redactor are in fact ridiculous. We have added 1 Samuel 7:1 here, because most scholars treat it as the conclusion of 1 Samuel 6. His was an epoch life like Abraham's, Joshua's and Luther's. In those days, … He anointed him and kissed him, v. 1. The second so-called reason confuses the sacrifice of the cows, which was not provided by God's people at all, but by the Philistines, with the second sacrifice which was provided and offered by the Levites. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. Prepare a new cart (1 Samuel 6:7). David was greatly distressed because the men were talking of stoning him; each one was bitter in spirit because of his sons and daughters. 215, 216. Then you will be healed (1 Samuel 6:3). David becomes king of all of Israel and brings the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem. 1 Samuel 6:7. Ark narrative (1 Samuel 4:1bâ7:1 and 2 Samuel 6:1â20): the ark's capture by the Philistines in the time of Eli and its transfer to Jerusalem by David â opinion is divided over whether this is actually an independent unit. 29:29). Only the direct intervention of God could possibly account for the behavior of those cows leaving their calves behind and taking that cart directly to Israel. The mention of Levites here poses a problem. " Later on in Jewish history, David himself tried to move the ark of the covenant on a new cart; but that also ended in a disaster. 1 Samuel chapter 18 KJV (King James Version) 1 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.. 2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father's house.. 3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. According to the number of the lords of the Philistines (1 Samuel 6:4). would be healed as a conditional, promise. Hardening the heart only brings divine retribution (cf. The Philistines had more than enough of their trophy, the captured ark of the God of Israel. There was one plague only, the bubonic disaster spread among the Philistines by the rats and the Cheops flea. They answered, "Five golden tumors and five golden mice, according to the number of the lords of the Philistines; for the same plague was upon all of you and upon your lords. "Aristotle relates that in harvest entire crops were sometimes destroyed by the ravages of field-mice in a single night."F4. These all from natural side. Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. What is most interesting is the method they chose to transport the ark back to Israelite territory. Normally, cows would not have left their calves. In ancient times, such deceivers were widely trusted; and even today one cannot fail to be aware that palm readers, phrenologists, fortune-tellers, etc. Dat zou een verklaring kunnen zijn voor de diverse interne tegenstrijdigheden. ADVISERS GIVE DETAILS ON THE RETURN OF THE ARK. There are some impressions in this chapter of what is universally held to be pleasing to God, both by pagan and by true worshippers: (1) that true religious devotion requires the giving of gifts. 1 Samuel 10:6 Commentaries: "Then the Spirit of the LORD will come upon you mightily, and you shall prophesy with them and be changed into another man. Deadly plague had fallen upon them everywhere the ark was placed; and, in desperation, the five lords of the Philistines decided to return it to Israel. De samensteller was waarschijnlijk dezelfde die de boeken Deuteronomium, Jozua, Richteren en 1 en 2 Koningen redigeerde. Renewing the Kingdom (1 Samuel 11:14-12:25) 9. He had thoroughly studied it, sat in it, possibly even have driven it; and of course, he had carefully looked inside of it also! They even measured the circumference of the earth with a clothes pole (See the encyclopaedias under Eratosthenes)! God raises up David to be king of Israel (1 Sa 16–20). Therefore, we should understand the statement in 1 Sam. there. Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. Their return to their family, with Eli's blessing (v. 11, 20). 2 Samuel Chapter 6 summary begins with David and certain chosen men of Israel making the trip to retrieve the ark of God back to Israel.. The foolish notion that the ancients probably did not associate the rats with the plague should be rejected. "And watch ... if it goes up ... but if not" (1 Samuel 6:9). R. Payne Smith wrote that, "As the ancients used the name of animals in a very general way, any rodent may be meant,"F6 by the word rendered `mice' here. Dead links, typos, or HTML errors should be sent firstname.lastname@example.orgSuggestions about making this resource more useful should be sent email@example.com. The meaning of this verse is that, "The hand of God would be heavy upon them so long as they refused the acknowledgement"F2 inherent in the proposed guilt offering. It was a Levite city (Joshua 21:16). This indicates that they were still uncertain as to whether or not God was responsible for their plagues.F9 The test proposed here was genuine. "They shall not go in to look upon the holy things even for a moment, lest they die" (Numbers 4:20). After he had made sport of them (1 Samuel 6:6). (Lectures to my Students, Vol. A city with its unwalled villages and adjacent territory was commonly regarded as a unit.F20 Willis also agreed that, The fortified cities and the unwalled villages' are the subordinate regions belonging to each of these city-states.F21, THE DEATH OF THE SEVENTY MEN OF BETH-SHEMESH, (For a definitive comment on 1 Sam. The men of Kiriath-jearim willingly complied with the request from Beth-shemesh; and the ark remained with them for twenty years. 215,216. 1 Samuel Chapter 6 Summary. The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. The book of 1 Samuel focuses on three characters: Samuel, Saul, and David. L.M. The fact of these mice (or rats) not being mentioned earlier is due solely to the abbreviated nature of the narrative. ), "And the men of Kiriath-jearim came and took up the ark of the Lord, and brought it to the house of Abinidab on the hill; and they consecrated his son Eleazar, to have charge of the ark of the Lord.". The abrupt mention of mice here constitutes a difficulty.F3 To us there appears no difficulty whatever. The ark of the covenant stayed in the country of Philistine for â¦ "From the evidence of archaeology, this was undoubtedly a two-wheeled cart similar to those seen in Europe today.". "F16 (2) "The second half of the verse merely repeats the sacrifice which had already been offered. Testimony to Samuelâs integrity. What had he done? Payne pointed out that the casual manner in which the Levites are mentioned here is a strong argument against the passage's being an interpolation. 1 Samuel 2:1-10 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This passage has its roots in the book of Judgesâin the chaotic time when âthere was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyesâ (Judges 17:6). The mention of these does not indicate that each village sent a golden mouse, because. 1 Samuel 9:6. If there were Levites in Beth-shemesh, it is difficult to see why the men of Beth-shemesh offered sacrifices that day.F11 This is no problem at all. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. II. B. G. Caird also complained that, "There is nowhere else any indication that this (looking into the ark) was regarded as an offense. Spurgeon on Blaikie's related life of David: "Dr. Blaikie is a good writer. 12:10ff was temporarily suspended, as various Jewish commentators have stated."F13. " Willis also agreed that, "The fortified cities and the unwalled villages' are the subordinate regions belonging to each of these city-states.
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