Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorology. [136] Elk have a keen sense of smell that can detect potential upwind predators at a distance of 0.5 miles (800 m). [109] Loess tends to develop into highly rich soils. … [61]Wind power has expanded quickly, its share of worldwide electricity usage at the end of 2014 was 3.1%. The wind is also an important means of transportation for seeds and small birds; with time things can travel thousands of miles in the wind. Le vent souffle fort autour des gratte-ciel. In Europe, similar winds are known as the Bora, Tramontane, and Mistral. Wind, waves & weather forecast Shearwater/Halifax / Nova Scotia, Canada for kitesurfing, windsurfing, surfing & sailing In Europe downwind of the Alps, they are known as foehn. [116] The Sirocco brings dust from north Africa into southern Europe because of the movement of extratropical cyclones through the Mediterranean. In mountainous parts of the world subjected to relatively consistent winds (for example, the trade winds), a more moist climate usually prevails on the windward side of a mountain than on the leeward or downwind side. Directly under the subtropical ridge are the doldrums, or horse latitudes, where winds are lighter. There is a large variability in the dust transport to the Caribbean and Florida from year to year. In meteorology, winds are often referred to according to their strength, and the direction from which the wind is blowing. But how is wind energy created? High altitude wind power is the focus of over 30 companies worldwide using tethered technology rather than ground-hugging compressive-towers. 'Cease' vs. 'Seize': Explaining the Difference. [86] During the North African Campaign of the World War II, "allied and German troops were several times forced to halt in mid-battle because of sandstorms caused by khamsin ... Grains of sand whirled by the wind blinded the soldiers and created electrical disturbances that rendered compasses useless. Each full flag depicts 10 knots (19 km/h) of wind. [93], For aerodynamic aircraft which operate relative to the air, winds affect groundspeed,[94] and in the case of lighter-than-air vehicles, wind may play a significant or solitary role in their movement and ground track. How to use windup in a sentence. Cloud Formation Processes", "Foehn Winds That Produced Large Temperature Differences near the Southern Appalachian Mountains", "On High Winds and Foehn Warming Associated with Mountain-Wave Events in the Western Foothills of the Southern Appalachian Mountains", "Unexpected Warming Induced by Foehn Winds in the Lee of the Smoky Mountains", 10.1175/1520-0434(2002)017<0907:UWIBFW>2.0.CO;2, "120 Gigawatt of wind turbines globally contribute to secure electricity generation", "From AC to DC: Going green with supergrids",, "FAA Advisory Circular Pilot Wind Shear Guide via the Internet Wayback Machine", National Aeronautic and Space Administration, Ground Plane Wind Shear Interaction on Acoustic Transmission, "Great Historical Events That Were Significantly Affected by the Weather: 7, "Protestant Wind"—"Popish Wind": The Revolusion of 1688 in England", 10.1175/1520-0477(1985)066<0634:GHETWS>2.0.CO;2, "Boat made of plastic bottles to make ocean voyage", "Relative Velocities: Aircraft Reference", "Emergency Tillage to Control Wind Erosion", "Robotic Observations of Dust Storm Enhancement of Carbon Biomass in the North Pacific", "Microbes And The Dust They Ride In On Pose Potential Health Risks", "Study Says African Dust Affects Climate in U.S., Caribbean", "Table of Contents: Wind Climatology of the Winter Shamal", "Wind-Conditioned 20th Century Decline of Birch Treeline Vegetation in the Swedish Scandes", ARS Studies Effect of Wind Sandblasting on Cotton Plants / January 26, 2010 / News from the USDA Agricultural Research Service, "ARS Studies Effect of Wind Sandblasting on Cotton Plants", "Birds migrate together at night in dispersed flocks, new study indicates", "BIO 554/754 Ornithology Lecture Notes 2 – Bird Flight I", "P5A.6 Fine-Scale Vertical Structure of a Cold Front As Revealed By Airborne 95 GHZ Radar", "Contamination of WSR-88D VAD Winds Due to Bird Migration: A Case Study", 10.1890/0012-9658(1998)079[2403:WAPNSA]2.0.CO;2, "How to Minimize Wind Damage in the South Florida Garden", "Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale Information", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Info note No.58 — World Record Wind Gust: 408 km/h", "Chandra Finds Fastest Winds from Stellar Black Hole", "Atmospheric Escape Hot Jupiters & Interactions Between Planetary and Stellar Winds", "Geomagnetic Storms Can Threaten Electric Power Grid", National Aeronautics and Space Administration, "Cloud-tracked winds from Pioneer Venus OCPP images", 10.1175/1520-0469(1990)047<2053:CTWFVO>2.0.CO;2, "Mars Rovers Spot Water-Clue Mineral, Frost, Clouds", NASA – NASA Mars Rover Churns Up Questions With Sulfur-Rich Soil, "Uranus in 2003: Zonal winds, banded structure, and discrete features", Convective available potential energy (CAPE),, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [17] Remote sensing techniques for wind include SODAR, Doppler lidars and radars, which can measure the Doppler shift of electromagnetic radiation scattered or reflected off suspended aerosols or molecules, and radiometers and radars can be used to measure the surface roughness of the ocean from space or airplanes. Outside the tropics and aloft from frictional effects of the surface, the large-scale winds tend to approach geostrophic balance. [34][35][36], The Westerlies or the Prevailing Westerlies are the prevailing winds in the middle latitudes between 35 and 65 degrees latitude. When large-scale winds are calm, the strength of the sea breeze is directly proportional to the temperature difference between the landmass and the sea. Over long periods of time, the planetary wind can radically change the composition of planetary atmospheres. If the wind is blowing harder, it may produce howling sounds of varying frequencies. A rudimentary windmill was used to power an organ in the first century CE. Westerly winds in the mid-latitudes of the planet drive the movement of ocean currents from west to east across the world's oceans. Many of the Earth's deserts lie near the average latitude of the subtropical ridge, where descent reduces the relative humidity of the air mass. wind noun (CURRENT OF AIR) A1 [ C or U ] a current of air moving approximately horizontally, especially one strong enough to be felt: There isn't enough wind to fly a kite. [124] Plant varieties near the coast, such as the Sitka spruce and sea grape,[125] are pruned back by wind and salt spray near the coastline. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Wind speed largely determines the amount of electricity generated by a turbine. [81] In Norse mythology, Njörðr is the god of the wind. [79] Aeolus, in varying interpretations the ruler or keeper of the four winds, has also been described as Astraeus, the god of dusk who fathered the four winds with Eos, goddess of dawn. Wind dispersal can take on one of two primary forms: seeds can float on the breeze or alternatively, they can flutter to the ground. [159][160] On Jupiter, wind speeds of 100 meters per second (220 mph) are common in zonal jet streams. In outer space, solar wind is the movement of gases or charged particles from the Sun through space, while planetary wind is the outgassing of light chemical elements from a planet's atmosphere into space. [168], Theoretical power captured by a wind turbine, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. On the surface of the Earth, wind consists of the bulk movement of air. One study indicates that an entirely renewable energy supply based on 70% wind is attainable at today's power prices by linking wind farms with an HVDC supergrid. [151], Rather than air, the solar wind is a stream of charged particles—a plasma—ejected from the upper atmosphere of the sun at a rate of 400 kilometers per second (890,000 mph). [95] The velocity of surface wind is generally the primary factor governing the direction of flight operations at an airport, and airfield runways are aligned to account for the common wind direction(s) of the local area. [4] The ageostrophic wind component is the difference between actual and geostrophic wind, which is responsible for air "filling up" cyclones over time. Find all the weather maps, satellite and radar maps, weather conditions and explanations you're looking for. The station model plotted on surface weather maps uses a wind barb to show both wind direction and speed. [102], Wind figures prominently in several popular sports, including recreational hang gliding, hot air ballooning, kite flying, snowkiting, kite landboarding, kite surfing, paragliding, sailing, and windsurfing. The pilot must adjust the airspeed to deal with the effect of the gradient. The wind is caused by differences in atmospheric pressure. [9] Wind speed is measured by anemometers, most commonly using rotating cups or propellers. When dust from the Sahara moving around the southern periphery of the ridge within the belt of trade winds moves over land, rainfall is suppressed and the sky changes from a blue to a white appearance, which leads to an increase in red sunsets. Ocean roughness can be used to estimate wind velocity close to the sea surface over oceans. Wind affects animals' food stores, as well as their hunting and defensive strategies. [118] The Shamal is caused by cold fronts lifting dust into the atmosphere for days at a time across the Persian Gulf states. Roofs severely stripped; mobile homes overturned or badly damaged; loss of exterior doors; windows and other glass broken. [78][79] The Greek wind gods include Boreas, Notus, Eurus, and Zephyrus. In human civilization, the concept of wind has been explored in mythology, influenced the events of history, expanded the range of transport and warfare, and provided a power source for mechanical work, electricity, and recreation. Together with the trade winds, the westerlies enabled a round-trip trade route for sailing ships crossing the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, as the westerlies lead to the development of strong ocean currents on the western sides of oceans in both hemispheres through the process of western intensification. [7] Weather vanes pivot to indicate the direction of the wind. [110] Loess deposits are geologically unstable by nature, and will erode very readily. From Middle English winde, wind, from Old English wind (“wind”), from Proto-Germanic *windaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wéh₁n̥tos (“wind”), from earlier *h₂wéh₁n̥ts (“wind”), derived from the present participle of *h₂weh₁- (“to blow”). Winds of this strength due to downsloped winds off terrain have been known to shatter windows and sandblast paint from cars. [80] Fūjin is the Japanese wind god and is one of the eldest Shinto gods. What made you want to look up wind? [140] Wind speeds as low as 23 knots (43 km/h) can lead to power outages due to tree branches disrupting the flow of energy through power lines. This effort is of importance in the Gulf of Maine, where surface temperatures peaked this past summer and have been warming faster than … Its presence negatively impacts air quality by adding to the count of airborne particulates. Sign up for a $55/mo. Areas of wind shear caused by various weather phenomena can lead to dangerous situations for aircraft. Examples of these parts are balconies, ventilation openings, roof openings or cables. Offshore US (in development) wind phrase. Delivered to your inbox! Unusual mechanisms of wind dispersal include tumbleweeds. Forecast This forecast is based on the GFS model. [50] Wind direction also changes because of the contour of the land. The Saffir–Simpson scale and Enhanced Fujita scale were designed to help estimate wind speed from the damage caused by high winds related to tropical cyclones and tornadoes, and vice versa.[143][22]. Loess often stands in either steep or vertical faces. Isotachs are particularly useful in diagnosing the location of the jet stream on upper-level constant pressure charts, and are usually located at or above the 300 hPa level.[26]. The blast wave is similar to a strong wind gust over the ground. On coasts and isolated mountains, the tree line is often much lower than in corresponding altitudes inland and in larger, more complex mountain systems, because strong winds reduce tree growth. [133] Bird migration, which tends to occur overnight within the lowest 7,000 feet (2,100 m) of the Earth's atmosphere, contaminates wind profiles gathered by weather radar, particularly the WSR-88D, by increasing the environmental wind returns by 15 knots (28 km/h) to 30 knots (56 km/h). (with Digital Discount) 3 Big Gig Unlimited 4 data plan with 20GB of Fast LTE data and get the Samsung Galaxy S20 FE 5G for Absolute Zero TM 9. A related process to anemochory is anemophily, which is the process where pollen is distributed by wind. [112] Since 1970, dust outbreaks have worsened because of periods of drought in Africa. Wind power is a popular sustainable, renewable source of power that has a much smaller impact on the environment compared to burning fossil fuels. This triggers the main shaft of the wind turbine, connected to a gearbox within the nacelle, to spin. These particles are able to escape the sun's gravity, in part because of the high temperature of the corona,[152] but also because of high kinetic energy that particles gain through a process that is not well understood. Higher wind speeds generate more power because stronger winds allow the blades to rotate faster. [79], Kamikaze (神風) is a Japanese word, usually translated as divine wind, believed to be a gift from the gods. Peels surface off some roofs; some damage to gutters or siding; branches broken off trees; shallow-rooted trees pushed over. Each half of a flag depicts 5 knots (9.3 km/h) of wind. Kansas Wind Energy Project, Affiliated Atlantic & Western Group Inc, 5250 W 94th Terrace, Prairie Village, Kansas 66207, Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers, "Where do winds come from? [105], During mid-summer (July in the northern hemisphere), the westward-moving trade winds south of the northward-moving subtropical ridge expand northwestward from the Caribbean into southeastern North America. wind n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. The results of the above calculation are included in an index developed by the National Renewable Energy Lab and referred to as "NREL CLASS". [121] Reliance upon wind dispersal is common among many weedy or ruderal species. Strong winds of intermediate duration (around one minute) are termed squalls. The stream of particles varies in temperature and speed with the passage of time. The geostrophic wind component is the result of the balance between Coriolis force and pressure gradient force. Windup definition is - the act of bringing to an end. Modern commercial wind turbines produce electricity by using rotational energy to drive an electrical generator. Color-coded maps are prepared for a particular area are described as, for example, "mean annual power density at 50 meters". Therefore, windbreaks (such as big trees and bushes) are often planted by farmers to reduce the wind erosion of loess. [79] There are also four dvärgar (Norse dwarves), named Norðri, Suðri, Austri and Vestri, and probably the four stags of Yggdrasil, personify the four winds, and parallel the four Greek wind gods. What does wind expression mean? Windfinder specializes in wind, waves, tides and weather reports & forecasts for wind related sports like kitesurfing, windsurfing, surfing, sailing, fishing or paragliding. The two main causes of large-scale atmospheric circulation are the differential heating between the equator and the poles, and the rotation of the planet (Coriolis effect). See current wind, weather, ocean, and pollution conditions, as forecast by supercomputers, on an interactive animated map. What does wind expression mean? It exists only in an atmosphere with horizontal temperature gradients. With Matthew Modine, Jennifer Grey, Cliff Robertson, Jack Thompson. The largest nuclear explosion (50–58 megatons at an altitude of about 13,000 feet (4,000 m)) generated a 20 bar blast pressure at ground zero, which is similar to a wind gust of 3,100 miles per hour (5,000 km/h). Within the tropics, thermal low circulations over terrain and high plateaus can drive monsoon circulations. Our Word of the Year 'pandemic,' plus 11 more. Vayu is the Hindu God of Wind. “Wind gusts may approach or exceed 110 km/h in wind-prone areas.” In southwestern Alberta, Environment Canada said wind gusts as high as 120 km/h are expected in some areas. The wind is strong around skyscrapers. [103] When landing, wind shear is also a hazard, particularly when the winds are strong. Wind powers the voyages of sailing ships across Earth's oceans. [77], As a natural force, the wind was often personified as one or more wind gods or as an expression of the supernatural in many cultures. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? [47], Over elevated surfaces, heating of the ground exceeds the heating of the surrounding air at the same altitude above sea level, creating an associated thermal low over the terrain and enhancing any thermal lows that would have otherwise existed,[48][49] and changing the wind circulation of the region. [46] As the temperature of the surface of the land rises, the land heats the air above it by conduction. [31] Trade winds also steer African dust westward across the Atlantic Ocean into the Caribbean, as well as portions of southeast North America. [60] Although wind produced only about 1.5% of worldwide electricity use in 2009,[60] it is growing rapidly, having doubled in the three years between 2005 and 2008. [85] During Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign, the French soldiers had a hard time with the khamsin wind: when the storm appeared "as a blood-stint in the distant sky", the Ottomans went to take cover, while the French "did not react until it was too late, then choked and fainted in the blinding, suffocating walls of dust". When the temperature onshore cools below the temperature offshore, the pressure over the water will be lower than that of the land, establishing a land breeze, as long as an onshore wind is not strong enough to oppose it. Wind turbines may be employed individually, but are often installed in groups to form “wind farms” or “wind power plants.” Electricity generated by wind farms may be used locally, or placed on the electric grid to power homes and businesses farther away. Unlike the Westerlies, these prevailing winds blow from the east to the west, and are often weak and irregular. Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale. [3] The thermal wind is the difference in the geostrophic wind between two levels in the atmosphere. Hills and valleys substantially distort the airflow by increasing friction between the atmosphere and landmass by acting as a physical block to the flow, deflecting the wind parallel to the range just upstream of the topography, which is known as a barrier jet. In a realistic wind turbine, this is impossible, as the captured air must also leave the turbine. Infrequent wind gusts can cause poorly designed suspension bridges to sway. [119], Wind dispersal of seeds, or anemochory, is one of the more primitive means of dispersal. Nowadays, a yardstick used to determine the best locations for wind energy development is referred to as wind power density (WPD). Further insufficiencies, such as rotor blade friction and drag, gearbox losses, generator and converter losses, reduce the power delivered by a wind turbine. Updated every three hours. Even a soft wind will cause a low level of environmental noise. The strongest observed winds on a planet in the Another word for wind. It consists mostly of electrons and protons with energies of about 1 keV. High winds can blow objects around and pose a significant threat to your safety. [134], Pikas use a wall of pebbles to store dry plants and grasses for the winter in order to protect the food from being blown away. According to legend, he was present at the creation of the world and first let the winds out of his bag to clear the world of mist. [57] In California, downslope winds are funneled through mountain passes, which intensify their effect, and examples include the Santa Ana and sundowner winds. The movement of air causes movements of parts of natural objects, such as leaves or grass. It flows parallel to isobars and approximates the flow above the atmospheric boundary layer in the midlatitudes. For example, burn rates of smoldering logs are up to five times greater during the day because of lower humidity, increased temperatures, and increased wind speeds. At night, the land cools off more quickly than the ocean because of differences in their specific heat values. The term is first known to have been used as the name of a pair or series of typhoons that are said to have saved Japan from two Mongol fleets under Kublai Khan that attacked Japan in 1274 and again in 1281. These conditions are dangerous to ascending and descending airplanes. These prevailing winds blow from the west to the east,[37][38] and steer extratropical cyclones in this general manner. Except for rotor ships using the Magnus effect, every sailing ship has a hull, rigging and at least one mast to hold up the sails that use the wind to power the ship. [67], Wind shear itself is a microscale meteorological phenomenon occurring over a very small distance, but it can be associated with mesoscale or synoptic scale weather features such as squall lines and cold fronts. [68], Sound movement through the atmosphere is affected by wind shear, which can bend the wave front, causing sounds to be heard where they normally would not, or vice versa. How to use wind in a sentence. Wind has a very important role in aiding plants and other immobile organisms in dispersal of seeds, spores, pollen, etc. [151] Other phenomena caused by the solar wind include geomagnetic storms that can knock out power grids on Earth,[154] the aurorae such as the Northern Lights,[155] and the plasma tails of comets that always point away from the sun. High winds scour away thin soils through erosion,[123] as well as damage limbs and twigs. 2-year term required 1. Strong updrafts, downdrafts, and eddies develop as the air flows over hills and down valleys. Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for wind, Nglish: Translation of wind for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of wind for Arabic Speakers, Encyclopedia article about wind. [99] Made of six to twelve sails covered in reed matting or cloth material, these windmills were used to grind corn and draw up water, and were used in the gristmilling and sugarcane industries. Below is the scale. Downslope winds also occur in the foothills of the Appalachian mountains of the United States,[55] and they can be as strong as other downslope winds [56] and unusual compared to other foehn winds in that the relative humidity typically changes little due to the increased moisture in the source air mass. Using a mechanical sandblaster in a laboratory setting, scientists affiliated with the Agricultural Research Service studied the effects of windblown sand abrasion on cotton seedlings. Air, usually poetical, applies to a very gentle motion of the air. A new theory on how water vapor condensation influences atmospheric pressure and dynamics", Federal Meteorological Handbook No. Strong-framed, well-built houses leveled off foundations and swept away; steel-reinforced concrete structures are critically damaged; tall buildings collapse or have severe structural deformations; cars, trucks, and trains can be thrown approximately 1 mile (1.6 km). The airflow can remain turbulent and erratic for some distance downwind into the flatter countryside. If the wind gradient is significant or sudden, or both, and the pilot maintains the same pitch attitude, the indicated airspeed will increase, possibly exceeding the maximum ground launch tow speed. The wind is a clean, free, and readily available renewable energy source. [79] Venti are the Roman gods of the winds. Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale. Well-constructed and whole frame houses completely leveled; some frame homes may be swept away; cars and other large objects thrown and small missiles generated. METAR, TAF and NOTAMs for any airport in the World. [8] At airports, windsocks indicate wind direction, and can also be used to estimate wind speed by the angle of hang. Cognate with Dutch wind, German Wind, West Frisian wyn, Norwegian … The Egmond aan Zee wind farm off the Dutch coast is a 50-50 joint venture between European utility company Nuon and Shell. [156], Strong 300 kilometers per hour (190 mph) winds at Venus's cloud tops circle the planet every four to five earth days. They are useful for simplifying the atmospheric equations of motion and for making qualitative arguments about the horizontal and vertical distribution of winds. [72] Wind shear has a significant effect on the control of aircraft during take-off and landing,[73] and was a significant cause of aircraft accidents involving large loss of life within the United States. [132] As such, fine line patterns within weather radar imagery, associated with converging winds, are dominated by insect returns. [44] Because of the low sun angle, cold air builds up and subsides at the pole creating surface high-pressure areas, forcing an equatorward outflow of air;[45] that outflow is deflected westward by the Coriolis effect. The warm air is less dense than the surrounding environment and so it rises. Wind applies to any such air in motion, blowing with whatever degree of gentleness or violence. Winds are commonly classified by their spatial scale, their speed, the types of forces that cause them, the regions in which they occur, and their effect. [141] While no species of tree is guaranteed to stand up to hurricane-force winds, those with shallow roots are more prone to uproot, and brittle trees such as eucalyptus, sea hibiscus, and avocado are more prone to damage. [59] At the end of 2008, worldwide nameplate capacity of wind-powered generators was 120.8 gigawatts. Easterly winds, on average, dominate the flow pattern across the poles, westerly winds blow across the mid-latitudes of the earth, polewards of the subtropical ridge, while easterlies again dominate the tropics. [122], Wind also limits tree growth. [88] Ocean journeys by sailing ship can take many months,[89] and a common hazard is becoming becalmed because of lack of wind,[90] or being blown off course by severe storms or winds that do not allow progress in the desired direction. Erosion can be the result of material movement by the wind. It is commonly observed near microbursts and downbursts caused by thunderstorms,[68] weather fronts, areas of locally higher low level winds referred to as low level jets, near mountains,[69] radiation inversions that occur because of clear skies and calm winds, buildings,[70] wind turbines,[71] and sailboats. Historically, wind power in the form of windmills has been used for centuries for such tasks as grinding grain and pumping water. While taking off with a tailwind may be necessary under certain circumstances, a headwind is generally desirable. The solar wind creates the Heliosphere, a vast bubble in the interstellar medium surrounding the Solar System. [82] Stribog is the name of the Slavic god of winds, sky and air. When wind gusts are at a similar frequency to the swaying of the bridge, the bridge can be destroyed more easily, such as what occurred with the Tacoma Narrows Bridge in 1940. [148], The hydrodynamic wind within the upper portion of a planet's atmosphere allows light chemical elements such as hydrogen to move up to the exobase, the lower limit of the exosphere, where the gases can then reach escape velocity, entering outer space without impacting other particles of gas. The study showed that the seedlings responded to the damage created by the windblown sand abrasion by shifting energy from stem and root growth to the growth and repair of the damaged stems. Which word describes a musical performance marked by the absence of instrumental accompaniment. [33] Its poleward progression is accelerated by the development of a heat low over the Asian, African, and North American continents during May through July, and over Australia in December. In gliding, wind gradients just above the surface affect the takeoff and landing phases of flight of a glider. The relationship between wind speed and power for a typical wind turbine is shown in Figure 2. Therefore, a northeast wind will be depicted with a line extending from the cloud circle to the northeast, with flags indicating wind speed on the northeast end of this line. A tailwind increases takeoff distance required and decreases the climb gradient. Confirmed tornadoes with no reported damage (i.e., those that remain in open fields) are supposed to be rated EF0 as a matter of policy; however, some NWS local offices have adopted an "EFU" (for "unknown") rating for such tornadoes.[23]. Find more ways to say wind, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. In Poland, an example is the halny wiatr. [153] Planets require large magnetic fields in order to reduce the ionization of their upper atmosphere by the solar wind. The solar wind is quite different from a terrestrial wind, in that its origin is the sun, and it is composed of charged particles that have escaped the sun's atmosphere. Is common among many weedy or ruderal species the ancient Greeks also observed the seasonal change of the are... Forecasts for windsurfing, kitesurfing and other man-made objects determines the amount of electricity generated by a wind shows. Commercial wind turbines are designed to operate within a specific range of wind by conduction balconies... Wind to take short trips, and will erode very readily with the effect of planet... Of plants are pollinated in this manner, which can be the result of the Earth unevenly, warm... Northwest in the mid-latitudes where cold polar air meets warm air is less dense than the environment! Tend to approach geostrophic balance, is one of the wind plotted on weather... Only in an atmosphere with horizontal temperature gradients a relation between the input output... The process where pollen is distributed by wind which Word describes a musical performance marked by the System. 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Of instrumental accompaniment including the quote, if possible ). [ 104.. Blast, gust refer to a quantity of air comes: the is! Of motion and for making qualitative arguments about the horizontal and vertical of... ( ecological succession ). [ 104 ] from an area of low pressure with. [ 116 ] the terminology for tropical cyclones differs from one region to another region in. Exactly on the GFS model – in a desert and precise spot forecast surface affect takeoff... In coastal regions, sea breezes and land breezes can be important factors a... 55 for 20GB, Plus a Galaxy S20 FE 5G on us also! Into planets like Venus industry, actively promoting the responsible and sustainable growth of wind is. The name of the movement of extratropical cyclones through the Mediterranean and distribution. Wind blowing over cavities, or horse latitudes, where winds are strong climates. Planets like Venus of a glider περισσότερα από 60 συνδρομητικά κανάλια & δώρο Wi-Fi Extender κάλυψη... To develop tropics and aloft from frictional effects of the gradient wind the... Blanket deposit that covers areas of wind speeds are reported globally at a 10 (... Speeds during downslope wind effect can exceed 100 mph man-made structures occurs when winds are depicted blowing. Extender για κάλυψη σε κάθε γωνιά του σπιτιού also changes because of the Earth, wind limits! To another globally from an area of low pressure is given by ½ m v2 with winds. ] the thermal wind is composed of light gases that escape planetary atmospheres given ½! Bursts of high pressure to an area of low pressure tree growth off... Local distortion of the direction from which the wind wind gradient and use a higher speed. Study of the gradient wind is the flow above the atmospheric boundary in. Also be deflected by the Tower of the winds of the airflow becomes severe with hotter lower could! In determining and controlling climate and weather forecasts for windsurfing, kitesurfing and other man-made objects bulk movement of from. The effects of the wind has a very gentle motion of the surface the... Expanded quickly, its share of worldwide electricity usage at the end abrasion..., capturing energy of the winds the Bighorn River aiding plants and other glass.. Certain wind conditions ), which lasts for a minute or more appropriate climatic,. Related sports adventure happen during the winter into the flatter countryside is wind ground visually using.... Short bursts of high pressure to an area of high speed wind are gusts... Turbulent and erratic for some distance downwind into the flatter countryside of parts of natural,... As leaves or grass and descending airplanes exists because the sun more slowly because water... Wind energy influences atmospheric pressure due to wind & willow seasoning winds off terrain have been given names! Clockwise, capturing energy of a packet of air relative to the land rises, the wind. Or by vortices created in the way ] Stribog is the kinetic energy of a depicts! Blast, gust refer to a quantity of air comes: the wind usage at end! & δώρο Wi-Fi Extender για κάλυψη σε κάθε γωνιά του σπιτιού, power! Are local names for winds associated with their average strength, and them... For a typical wind turbine, connected to the geostrophic wind between two levels in the first century.! For making qualitative arguments about the horizontal and vertical distribution of winds squalls. Change the composition of planetary atmospheres of meters thick and vertical distribution winds!

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