Ramsay, broadly correct in his main thesis of Ephesus’ decline dates its disastrous impact too early. The name Ayasaluk is the corruption of three Greek words meaning "the Holy Word of God." Ephesus, Turkey (Sacred Destinations). During the eleven years of his excavations at Ephesus, 80,000 were spent, and few cities of antiquity have been more thoroughly explored. Ephesus played a vital role in the spread of Christianity. The wealthy king Croesus supplied it with many of its stone columns, and the pilgrims from all the oriental world brought it of their wealth. Introduction The story of the evangelization of Ephesus does not begin in chapter 19, or even in chapter 18 of the Book of Acts. Ephesus remained the most important city of the Byzantine Empire in Asia after Constantinople in the 5th and 6th centuries. Revelation 2:1 "To the angel of the assembly in Ephesus write: "He who holds the seven stars in his right hand, he who walks among the seven golden lampstands says these things: ef'-e-sus (Ephesos, "desirable"):A city of the Roman province of Asia, near the mouth of the Cayster river, 3 miles from the western coast of Asia Minor, and opposite the island of Samos. This building was raised on immense substructions, in consequence of the swampy nature of the ground. Acts 19:17 This became known to all, both Jews and Greeks, who lived at Ephesus. Acts 18:21 | View whole chapter | See verse in context But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. A. Perhaps, too, they saw in the Caesar-cult only a harmless ritual of loyalty, and not an issue of man-worship on which a Christian need stake life and livelihood. It started with the ministry of John the Baptist, whose teaching had produced a number of “converts,” men and women who looked for the Messiah, promised by the Old Testament prophets, who was His forerunner. Major roads connected Ephesus to all the other significant cities in Asia Minor. Plato likened the mob to wild animals. It was maliciously burned in 356 b.c. Ephesus, therefore, and all that pertained to it, was a mixture of oriental and Greek Though the early history of the city is obscure, it seems that at different times it was in the hands of the Carians, the Leleges and Ionians; in the early historical period it was one of a league of twelve Ionfan cities. They had much to lose; hence the venture of Alexander whom the Jews “put forward,” doubtless to make sure that their community as a whole was not blamed for the revolutionary views of the rabbi from Tarsus. Like her rival Miletus, similarly located at the end of the Maeander Valley thirty m. to the S, Ephesus had difficulty with her harbor, the essential gateway to the sea. To the Church in Ephesus - “To the angel of the church in Ephesus write: These are the words of him who holds the seven stars in his right hand and walks among the seven golden lampstands. 12, 25). J. John’s letter was one of seven addressed to the Asian circuit, and prudently couched in the style of Jewish apocalyptic lit. What does the Bible say about Ephesus? Acts 19:35 When the town clerk had quieted the multitude, he said, "You men of Ephesus, what man is there who doesn't know that the city of the Ephesians is temple keeper of the great goddess Artemis, and of the image which fell down from Zeus? They became the forefathers of all true Christianity. Around the great shrine, to which worshipers and tourists poured from far and near, tradesmen and hucksters found a living, supplying visitors with food and lodging, dedicatory offerings, and the silver souvenir models of the shrine that the guild of Demetrius was most interested in making and selling. (See Archeology.) Paul soon left Ephesus to continue his third missionary journey. Acts 19:27 Not only is there danger that this our trade come into disrepute, but also that the temple of the great goddess Artemis will be counted as nothing, and her majesty destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worships.". A fine street ran through the city from the harbor wharves at the river mouth to the great theater where the level land began to rise toward Mount Pion, a boulevard of some beauty and lined by fine buildings and columned porticoes. It came under Roman rule around 130 BC. Revelation 1:11 saying, " What you see, write in a book and send to the seven assemblies : to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and to Laodicea.". History gives the answer. “A wide door for effective work has opened to me,” wrote Paul, “and there are many adversaries” (1 Cor 16:9). Nero gave Ephesus a stadium. Ephesus was an important city for Christianity because it was strategically located so that the gospel could be spread via the many trade routes of commerce that passed through and beyond Ephesus. The sites and dimensions of the various public buildings, the streets, the harbor, and the foundations of many of the private houses were ascertained, and numerous inscriptions and sculptures and coins were discovered. The sculptured stones of its great buildings, which were no longer in use and were falling to ruins, were carried away to Italy, and especially to Constantinople for the great church of Saint Sophia. It was natural enough in the religious capital of Asia that the sect of the Nicolaitans should be in evidence. • Ephesus came under Persian Rule in 546 B.C. EPHESUS ĕf’ ə səs (̓́Εφεσος, G2387, possible meaning, desirable). Ephesus (/ ˈ ɛ f ə s ə s /; Ancient Greek: Ἔφεσος Efesos; Turkish: Efes; may ultimately derive from Hittite Apasa) was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, three kilometres southwest of present-day Selçuk in İzmir Province, Turkey.It was built in the 10th century BC on the site of the former Arzawan capital by Attic and Ionian Greek colonists. 86, 87). Charles Seltman, with some plausibility, suggests that it is actually a strange stone object, at present in the Liverpool City Museum (Riot in Ephesus, pp. The Apo stle John was called in Gr. The noisy group swept along with them the flotsam of the town, the idlers, the visitors, the mob of any great eastern city, and flowed toward the common place of assembly—the theater on the low hillside. Click the PLAY button below to hear how to pronounce Ephesus . BIBLE LANDS NOTES: The Seven Churches of Asia - EPHESUS 2 name of Asia Minor). b.c., so uncertain are dates in this borderland of legend and history. The text of Beza sometimes supplies a detail that has a ring of authenticity, and his unorthodox text adds a phrase to Acts 19:28 which may, in one flash, give a glimpse of the excited scene. Fear fell on them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was magnified. • Alexander the Great conquered Asia Minor in 335 B.C. The Greeks called a colony an “emporion,” or a “way in,” because their concept of such settlement was that of a gateway by which an active self-governing community could tap the trade and resources of a foreign hinterland. Not only was the temple of Diana a place of worship, and a treasure-house, but it was also a museum in which the best statuary and most beautiful paintings were preserved. Acts 20:16 For Paul had determined to sail past Ephesus, that he might not have to spend time in Asia; for he was hastening, if it were possible for him, to be in Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost. and used Ephesus as the proconsul’s seat. It’s name written in Holy Bible 16 times and known as one of the most important Early Christian City. Deforestation was mankind’s ancient folly, and no part of the Mediterranean world suffered worse than Asia Minor. Ephesus, in the Roman province of Asia, is 56 kilometers (35 miles) from Smyrna.Located opposite the island of Samos, it is the closest of Revelation's seven churches to the island of Patmos where the apostle John wrote the book of Revelation.. Ephesus, founded primarily by those from the city of Athens, was the capital of both Ionia and proconsular Asia. Ephesus is twice mentioned in the Apocalypse (1:11; 2:1). Three great roads converged on Ephesus. I know your deeds, your hard work and your perseverance. The temple of the Greek goddess Artemis was located there. XIII, 1). Acts 18:24 Now a certain Jew named Apollos, an Alexandrian by race, an eloquent man, came to Ephesus. citizenship may have weighed a little with the officers of Caesar. The Cayster river, overflowing its banks, gradually covered with its muddy deposit the spot where the temple of Diana had once stood, and at last its very site was forgotten.The small village of Ayasaluk, 36 miles from Smyrna on the Aidin R. R., does not mark the site of the ancient city of Ephesus, yet it stands nearest to its ruins. Acts 18:19. The temple was also a treasury and bank, in which private individuals, kings, and cities made deposits. When the son of Codrus, last king of Athens, founded the city, he placed his colonists near the shrine of an ancient Anatolian goddess whom the Greeks, following the religious syncretism common in the ancient world, called after their own goddess Artemis. He caught up a phrase of Plato from his student days in Tarsus. Deepening economic depression and decline must have been a feature of Ephesus’ life over the last cent. If the dead are not raised, then "let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.". C. Ephesus is now located about five to seven miles inland from the Aegean Sea in the Cayster River valley. It endured until the Goths sacked Ephesus in a.d. 263. The ruins have been identified in a marsh, one and a half miles NE of the city, after the discovery of Ephesus’ main boulevard in 1870. The “candlestick” was removed from its place. Finally in 262 A.D., when the temple of Diana was again burned, its influence had so far departed that it was never again rebuilt. D. The harbor, which frequently silted up, made Ephesus the most favorable seaport in the province of Asia. It was a dangerous situation. The city lay in a long, fertile valley. He sent many letters to Timothy and advised him to stay in Ephesus in 1 Timothy 1:3. This little city of the Amazons, bearing at different times the names of Samorna, Trachea, Ortygia and Ptelea, flourished until in the early Greek days it aroused the cupidity of Androclus, a prince of Athens. He passed along the Asia Minor coast three or four years after the riot in Ephesus. The murder was committed by two men, a Rom. It was founded in the tenth century BC (probably on or near the ruins of an even older settlement) and prior to the Roman conquest was ruled alternately by Ionians, Cimmerians, Lydians , Persians and finally the Greeks under … Lost somewhere among the ruins, or concealed in the surrounding countryside by its last devotees, the cult-object possibly still exists. written when Domitian’s persecution was raging. If the two villains assumed temporary proconsular power, the pl. With an artificial harbor accessible to the largest ships, and rivaling the harbor at Miletus, standing at the entrance of the valley which reaches far into the interior of Asia Minor, and connected by highways with the chief cities of the province, Ephesus was the most easily accessible city in Asia, both by land and sea. Justinian, to be sure, built a church to Saint John on the site, in part compensation perhaps for the looting of the columns from the temple of Artemis for St. Sophia in Byzantium, where they may still be seen in the vast basilica. Ephesus, taught by two apostles, rejected all accommodation with paganism and those who advocated the softer policy. The city itself soon lost its importance and decreased in population. EPHESUS ĕf’ ə səs (̓́Εφεσος, G2387, possible meaning, desirable).The city of Ephesus lay at the mouth of the Cayster, between the Koressos Range and the sea, on the western coast of Asia Minor. The coast, with continual soil erosion of the hinterland, became malarial. Those who accepted John’s rigid rule came through that persecution refined and strengthened. Ephesus was also a seat of proconsular power from which the whole province of Asia could be influence d. Churches arose significantly during his stay in the three cities of the Lycus Valley—Laodicea, Colossae, and Hierapolis—in spite of the fact that Paul did not visit these centers. Apostle Paul in Ephesus (ToursAroundTurkey.com). “The historian,” writes Sir William Ramsay, “must regard the Nicolaitans with intense interest, and must deeply regret that we know so little about them....At the same time he must feel that nothing could have saved the infant Church from melting away into one of those vague and ineffective schools of philosophic ethics except the stern and strict rule that is laid down here by St. John. Acts 20:22 Now, behold, I go bound by the Spirit to Jerusalem, not knowing what will happen to me there; 1 Corinthians 15:32 If I fought with animals at Ephesus for human purposes, what does it profit me? Ephesus in the Bible. She was, none the less, over many centuries, fortunate in her engineers. It was Croesus of neighboring Lydia (he reigned from 564 to 546 b.c.) The Jews had a large colony at Ephesus, and considerable privileges (Jos., Antiq. The winding Maeander was silting up the harbor of Miletus as early as 500 b.c., and when that city suffered irreparable damage in the Pers. I know that you cannot tolerate wicked people, that you have tested those who claim to be apostles but are not, and have found them false. Another phrase in the story is illuminating. This free audio Bible name pronunciation guide is a valuable tool in your study of God’s word. Fragments of the columns that he donated, inscribed with his name, are in the British Museum. Ancient Ephesus and the New Testament How our knowledge of the ancient city of Ephesus enriches our knowledge of the New Testament by Rev. of the official’s speech is accounted for; otherwise it is without explanation. Upon the death of Attalus II (Philadelphus), king of Pergamos, it was bequeathed to the Roman Empire; and in 190, when the Roman province of Asia was formed, it became a part of it. The Romans assumed the legacy of Pergamum in 133 b.c. It became a seat of bishops, where a notable council was held as late as a.d. 431. It may also have been a consideration that weighed with Paul—that such an indictment would have had scant chance of a just hearing before such scoundrels as Publius Celer and the freedman Helios, if indeed they held brief authority in the city at the time. suppression of the great revolt of the Ionian Gr. It had a population of about 250,000 people. For a further description of the temple, see Mr. Wood's excellent book, Discoveries at Ephesus.E. The wealthy Ephesians themselves undertook its reconstruction, and 220 years passed before its final completion. Where once a sheltered gulf and waterway formed a safe haven for ships, there is now a reedy plain. It is said that the building was four times the size of Athens’ magnificent Parthenon. Three years of Paul’s teaching in the school of Tyrannus, the nature of which may be partly glimpsed from Paul’s own letter, had laid a firm basis for growth. Ephesus was the largest city in the province, with a population of 300,000. Ephesus (permitted), the capital of the Roman province of Asia, and an illustrious city in the district of Ionia, nearly opposite the island of Samos.Buildings.--Conspicuous at the head of the harbor of Ephesus was the great temple of Diana or Artemis, the tutelary divinity of the city. Like all the river valleys around the great blunt end of the Asian continent’s westward protrusion, that of the Cayster was a highway into the interior, the terminal of a trade route that linked with other roads converging and branching out toward the separated civilizations of the E and the Asian steppes. Domitian, at the end of the 1st cent., appears to have been the last ruler to attempt to repair the harbor of Ephesus, but trade had obviously declined two centuries before. The emperor Constantine I, rebuilt much of the city.Sackings by the Arabs first in the year 654-655 by caliph Muawiyah I, and later in 700 and 716 hastened the decline further. He invited the leaders of the church to meet him at Miletus (had he given some promise to the Asiarchs not to return to Ephesus?). A riot ensued, so vividly and ironically described in Acts 19. Paul’s ship made no call there in a.d. 57. In 1863 Mr. J. T. Wood, for the British Museum, obtained permission from the Turkish government to search for the site of the lost temple of Diana. These officials were members of a corporation, built on the model of an earlier Gr. It was widely depicted on coins. b.c. Ignatius, writing a generation later, still accorded the church high praise. A city of the Roman province of Asia, near the mouth of the Cayster river, 3 miles from the western coast of Asia Minor, and opposite the island of Samos. History and description of the various attractions in Ephesus by a local tour agency that offers day trips at a reasonable cost. It would appear probable that there was a measure of rivalry between those in charge of the newer ritual, a cult that was not yet deeply founded in Ephesus, and the custodians and champions of the vast commercialized worship of Artemis. It is possible from the NT to gain some idea of the progress of the Ephesian church. That the trouble came is evident from John’s letter to the Ephesian church, most prob. Meaning: desirable . The name Ephesus in the Bible Ephesus was a splendid Greek city of Asia Minor, situated half-way up the western coast of modern-day Turkey, on the river Cayster. The last glimpse of Ephesus in the NT reveals an aging church in need of an infusion of new life, hence, the closing detail of imagery in the apocalyptic letter (Rev 2:1-7). Finally, Alexander the Great took it; and at his death it fell to Lysimachus, who gave it the name of Arsinoe, from his second wife. The story is a strong, clear light on the manner in which the new faith was cutting across established forms and patterns of pagan life in the 1st cent. First, there is the vivid story already examined. Under Claudius the monumental Marble Street was built. There sprang up, therefore, about the temple a village in which the thieves and murderers and other criminals made their homes. In the center of Artemis worship, in a city known for paganism, immorality, and greed, the light of Jesus Christ shone brightly. There is also a phonetic guide to use to see the proper pronunciation of Ephesus . Passing beyond the village one comes to the ruins of the old aqueduct, the fallen city walls, the so-called church of John or the baths, the Turkish fort which is sometimes called Paul's prison, the huge theater which was the scene of the riot of Paul's time, but which now, with its marble torn away, presents but a hole in the side of the hill Prion. Ann. Why did the “Asiarchs” seek to protect Paul? Led by the silversmiths, the mob poured down this highway. However, under Greek rule the Greek civilization gradually supplanted that of the Orientals, the Greek language was spoken in place of the Asiatic; and the Asiatic goddess of the temple assumed more or less the character of the Greek Artemis. Among the paintings was one by the famous Apelles, a native of Ephesus, representing Alexander the Great hurling a thunderbolt. We begin with the church at Ephesus. Coins of Ephesus sometimes show a date palm, sacred to Artemis, and the symbol of the goddess’ beneficent activity. Paul’s Rom. The initial visit by Paul to Ephesus and the powerful preaching of Apollos marked the beginning of the Church of God in Ephesus (called simply the “church of Ephesus” in Revelation 2:1). It was the main artery of Ephesian life, destined in later years to be even more richly adorned. Ephesus became a Christian city, and in 341 A.D. a council of the Christian church was held there. Starting in the first century A.D., notable Christians such as Saint Paul and Saint John visited and rebuked the cults of Artemis, winning many Christian converts in the process.Mary, the mother of Jesus, is thought to have spent her last years in Ephesus with Saint John. Topsoil slipped from the bare hillsides reft of their cover, streams became swamps, and the storm waters reached the sea laden with silt that choked the harbors. Search, however, did not reveal the site of the temple until January 1, 1870, after six years of faithful work. This temple, first sign of the international importance of the Artemis cult of Ephesus, stood right through the Pers. And he came to Ephesus, and left them there: but he himself entered into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Jews. Inflamed by the speech of the rabble-rouser Demetrius, delivered no doubt in the meeting house of the silversmith’s guild, the audience, says Beza’s version, poured “into the street.” It is surely the great central boulevard that is mentioned. This assumption would fix the date of the incident at a.d. 54. The cult thus recognized was that of a nature-goddess, associated with carnal fertility rituals, orgiastic rites, and religious prostitution. 2 Timothy 1:18 (the Lord grant to him to find the Lord's mercy in that day); and in how many things he served at Ephesus, you know very well. St. John died and buried in Ephesus. In time the pilgrims, with decreasing faith in Diana, came in fewer numbers; the sales of the shrines of the goddess fell off; Diana of the Ephesians was no longer great; a Christian church was rounded there and flourished, and one of its first leaders was the apostle John. “Ephesians” word is seen in four places in the Bible (Acts 19:28, 19:34, 19:35 and 21:29) and it refers to the people live in Ephesus or born in Ephesus. Multitudes came to visit the temple of Artemis, a cult that requires explanation. Pheidias, Praxiteles, and Apelles all adorned it. He was mighty in the Scriptures. Not only did the temple bring vast numbers of pilgrims to the city, as does the Kaaba at Mecca at the present time, but it employed hosts of people apart from the priests and priestesses; among them were the large number of artisans who manufactured images of the goddess Diana, or shrines to sell to the visiting strangers.Such was Ephesus when Paul on his 2nd missionary journey in Acts (18:19-21) first visited the city, and when, on his 3rd journey (19:8-10; 20:31), he remained there for two years preaching in the synagogue (19:8, 10), in the school of Tyrannus (19:9) and in private houses (20:20). Like the city, it dates from the time of the Amazons, yet what the early temple was like we now have no means of knowing, and of its history we know little except that it was seven times destroyed by fire and rebuilt, each time on a scale larger and grander than before. The city stood upon the sloping sides and at the base of two hills, Prion and Coressus, commanding a beautiful view; its climate was exceptionally fine, and the soil of the valley was unusually fertile.Tradition says that in early times near the place where the mother goddess of the earth was born, the Amazons built a city and a temple in which they might worship. • Ephesus was conquered by Croesus in 560 B.C. For them to hesitate or to doubt was to be lost” (Ramsay, The Letters to the Seven Churches, 300). At the time, Croesus’ temple was the largest of Gr. But a church had been established. Radiation along the lines of communication from a point of active life accounted for such foundations. Ephesians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, to the saints who are at Ephesus, and the faithful in Christ Jesus: 1 Timothy 1:3 As I urged you when I was going into Macedonia, stay at Ephesus that you might command certain men not to teach a different doctrine. With an artificial harbor accessible to the largest ships, and rivaling the harbor at Miletus, standing at the entrance of the valley which reaches far into the interior of Asia Minor, and connected by highways with the chief cities of the province, Ephesus was the most easily accessible city in Asia… Dr. Mark D. “To him who conquers I will grant,” wrote John, “to eat of the tree of life.” The church, however, did not survive. Ephesus (permitted), the capital of the Roman province of Asia, and an illustrious city in the district of Ionia, nearly opposite the island of Samos.Buildings.--Conspicuous at the head of the harbor of Ephesus was the great temple of Diana or Artemis, the tutelary divinity of the city. The Turks came with ruin for Asia. Acts 18:21 but taking his leave of them, and saying, "I must by all means keep this coming feast in Jerusalem, but I will return again to you if God wills," he set sail from Ephesus. Ephesus was one of the largest and wealthiest cities in the eastern Mediterranean area. All the seven churches mentioned in the apocalyptic letters (Rev 2 and 3) were no doubt established during the same period of apostolic ministry. So it came about that Paul “fought with beasts at Ephesus” (1 Cor 15:32). It is, perhaps, not without significance that the same coin bears the image of a small oar-propelled boat, an official’s “barge,” not the deep-hulled merchantmen that mark the city’s pride in her sea-borne trade on the coins of earlier centuries. It is significant that the church of Saint John gave its name to the place. This was perhaps in the 10th, 11th, or 12th cent. She was never, in fact, independent again. Bibliography W. M. Ramsay, The Letters to the Seven Churches (1904); A. H. M. Jones, Cities in the Eastern Provinces (1937); E. M. Blaiklock, The Christian in Pagan Society (1951); The Cities of the New Testament (1965). They laid in their suffering the foundations on which all true religion has since built. knight and a freedman who held the post of steward of the imperial estates in Asia. (See Asiarchs.) Go to List of places in the Bible. As the fame of his teachings was carried by the pilgrims to their distant homes, his influence extended to every part of Asia Minor. It was a perilous situation, not only for Paul and his little party, but also for the Jews at large, who had every reason to fear a pogrom. Ephesus became a Christian city, and in 341 AD a council of the Christian church was held there. Acts 20:17 From Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called to himself the elders of the assembly. Whatever happened, Paul was rescued and, perhaps under some official pressure, withdrew before the irate guildsmen had the opportunity to file a formal indictment. of the Christian era. And he sailed from Ephesus. Though Paul was probably not the first to bring Christianity to Ephesus, for Jews had long lived there (2:9; 6:9), he was the first to make progress against the worship of Diana. New International Version (NIV), Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access. Archeology, none the less, has shown that the prestige and magnificence of the city long outlived its declining usefulness as a seaport. The preaching of Christianity in the school of Tyrannus was hitting the Artemis cult hard, so hard that the turnover in dependent trades was visibly showing the adverse effects. Domitian widened and beautified the great central boulevard. He captured it and made it a Greek city. The peculiar feature in the case of Ephesus was that the cult was associated with a meteoric stone, the “image which fell down from Jupiter” of the guild-master’s clever speech reported by Luke (Acts 19 ASV). This the priests of Ephesus were unwilling to permit, and they politely rejected his offer by saying that it was not fitting for one god to build a temple to another. Paul had visited Ephesus around A.D. 53, about 43 years before this letter in Revelation was sent to them. Ask God to open your heart to hear what He wants to say to you through the message to the church at Ephesus. XIV. "The apostle John, according to tradition, spent many years in "Ephesus, where he died and was buried." Their lapse from first ardor and enthusiasm was due, according to Ramsay’s famous thesis, to an infiltration of the Christian minority by the weariness of a civic community that had passed its prime and was living on its fading splendor. Tools. One phrase in his clever speech would appear to date the incident with some precision. At the sight of Alexander, who had taken some risk by his public appearance, the crowd broke into their chant, a rhythmic din that they kept up for two hours. on the very night, the makers of omens later noted, that Alexander the Great was born of Olympias in distant Macedon. Though Pergamos was the center of the Roman religion and of the government, Ephesus was the more accessible, the commercial center and the home of the native goddess Diana; and because of its wealth and situation it gradually became the chief city of the province. The city wall of Lysimachus was found to be 36,000 ft. in length, enclosing an area of 1,027 acres. Includes links to other sites. Although there is not the intimate insight into the doings and problems of the Ephesian Christian community, as the Corinthian epistles give, the NT provides a series of glimpses of considerable interest. In time the temple possessed valuable lands; it controlled the fishcries; its priests were the bankers of its enormous revenues. 1 Corinthians 16:8 But I will stay at Ephesus until Pentecost. A part of the site of this once famous city is now occupied by a small Turkish village, Ayasaluk, which is regarded as a corruption of the two Greek words, hagios theologos; i.e., "the holy divine." It was also a sanctuary for the criminal, a kind of city of refuge, for none might be arrested for any crime whatever when within a bowshot of its walls. Alexander, into whose control Ephesus passed in 334 b.c. Concise, accurate description of the site and its history. Acts 20:18 When they had come to him, he said to them, "You yourselves know, from the first day that I set foot in Asia, how I was with you all the time. Acts 19:26 You see and hear, that not at Ephesus alone, but almost throughout all Asia, this Paul has persuaded and turned away many people, saying that they are no gods, that are made with hands. By the time of Justinian, five centuries later, the battle with sand, silt, and mud was lost, and Ephesus was falling to ruins in a swampy terrain. The historian Tacitus tells how Agrippina, the vicious mother of the Emperor Nero, had Junius Silanus, the proconsul of Asia, poisoned (Tac. Ephesus, as was proper, was the first church addressed, and the subject matter is light on the city, and its church, a generation after its founding. Acts 18:21 | View whole chapter | See verse in context But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. The question remaining is this: Was John too rigid, too extreme? It was 10 1/2 ft. thick, and strengthened by towers at intervals of 100 ft. The city itself soon lost its importance and decreased in population. at the beginning of his mighty “drive to the East,” contributed largely to the new temple, which was destined to be a shrine of unrivaled splendor and to rank as one of the wonders of the world. In 1308 the Turks took possession of the little that remained of the city, and deported or murdered its inhabitants. For more information about Ephesus , check out the Easton Bible dictionary entry as well. St John wrote the Gospel in during his stay in Ephesus. The city was proud of its name, “the Landing Place,” and the title is found on a coin as late as the 3rd cent. Adorning continued till the days of the Gothic raid in a.d. 263. Of this group it is fair to assume that they were Greeks who saw in their own cults a measure of true revelation, a position that might have arguments to commend it, but who carried this belief to the point of advocating unwise compromise with the debased forms of those cults in such prominence around them. The quest for timber and charcoal, the result of overgrazing, and the destructiveness of the Mediterranean goat, eternally nibbling and trampling the regenerating forest, denuded the hinterland. The temple was built upon a foundation which was reached by a flight of ten steps. Ancient Ephesus City (Ephesus Breeze). The general impression left with the archeologist and historian, who peer into the crowded past of the great city, is that the guild-master was not unjustified in his claim that “all Asia and the world” (Acts 19:27) reverenced the Ephesian Artemis. IV. At the time this letter was written, Ephesus was a major city of Asia Minor and a seaport. The sculptured stones of its great buildings, which were no longer in use and were falling to ruins, were carried away to Italy, and especially to Constantinople for the great church of Saint Sophia. who promoted the construction of the first temple to Artemis. The greater part, says Luke in one ironical phrase, “did not know why they had come together” (19:32). The city of Ephesus lay at the mouth of the Cayster, between the Koressos Range and the sea, on the western coast of Asia Minor. Still another tradition says that Androclus was its founder. Xenophon, the Athenian, described such a deposit with the “sacristan of Artemis,” together with a testamentary deposition regarding the disposal of the money in the event of his not surviving the campaign ahead of him. and under Trajan at the beginning of the 2nd, the great theater was remodeled. Almost by accident it was then found in the valley outside the city walls, several feet below the present surface. Exact Match. This building was raised on immense substructions, in consequence of the swampy nature of the ground. Ephesus was the prosperous capital of the Roman province of Asia. If anything illegal had been done to rouse the just resentment of the silversmiths’ guild, he said “there are proconsuls” (Acts 19:38). The city turned, as any anxious community might in such circumstances, to the equivalent of her tourist trade. Another incident is the apostle’s advice to the elders. Ephesus was known for its amphitheater, the largest in the world, designed to hold up to 50,000 spectators. The kings of Pergamum, most dynamic and powerful of the lesser successor states of Alexander’s divided empire, did much for Ephesus, and when the Romans inherited the kingdom of Pergamum by the will of its last ruler, Attalus III, they continued the policy of promoting Ephesian trade. It is, as Ramsay says (St. Paul the Traveller and Roman Citizen, p. 277, 278), “the most instructive picture of society in an Asian city at this period that has come down to us....In the speech of Demetrius are concentrated most of the feelings and motives that, from the beginning to the end, made the mob so hostile to the Christians in the great oriental cities.” It required all the political art of the grammateus, no mere “town-clerk,” but the city’s leading official and obviously a most able man, to restore quiet and order. The six gates which pierced the wall are now marked by mounds of rubbish. Sir William Ramsay, most factual of archeologists, speaks in awe of the “uncanny volume of sound” which, in his day at the turn of the cent., greeted the evening visitor to the desolate levels where Ephesus once harbored her ships. Need the church, for instance, for the sake of a pinch of incense, have been exposed to the bitterness of persecution? Here are 116 verses related with the popularity level of each verse. Silanus was a great-grandson of the Emperor Augustus, and was thus considered a menace to her son, whom Agrippina had thrust forward to the succession by all manner of intrigue and crime. imperial dominance of the Aegean coast of Asia Minor. Ephesus and Pergamos, the capital of Asia, were the two great rival cities of the province. Ephesus filled the role precisely. cities, the choking up of her waterway passed beyond repair. Ephesus Bible Meaning: Permitted Strong's Concordance #G2181. An easygoing Christianity could never have survived; it could not have conquered and trained the world; only the most convinced, resolute, almost bigoted adherence to the most uncompromising interpretation of its principles could have given the Christians the courage and self-reliance that were needed. It is obvious that Paul’s vision had picked one of the strategic centers of the world. Other elements over the course of centuries intruded into the worship, and the final form of the cult-image of Artemis of Ephesus was a strangely ornamented female figure, shrine and basket on head, a veil decorated with beasts, long necklaces, embroidered sleeves, legs sheathed with empaneled animals, and with multiple breasts, or, as some suggest, an apron covered with clusters of grapes or dates, sign and symbol of Artemis’ role as the nourishing spirit of nature. In 560 B.C. Paul was, in fact, assaulting a stronghold of pagan religion, together with the active life and commerce associated with a vast heathen cult, in a key city of the central Mediterranean and a focal point of communication. Because of its strength the people stored there their money for safe-keeping; and it became to the ancient world practically all that the Bank of England is to the modern world.In 356 B.C., on the very night when Alexander the Great was born, it was burned; and when he grew to manhood he offered to rebuild it at his own expense if his name might be inscribed upon its portals. Initially colonized by the Athenians, it grew to 250,000+ inhabitants in the first century B.C., making it the second largest populated area in the known world. Diana was dead. Its foundation, which alone remained, enabled Mr. Wood to reconstruct the entire temple plan. Its location, therefore, favored its religious, political and commercial development, and presented a most advantageous field for the missionary labors of Paul. The apostle John, according to tradition, spent many years in Ephesus, where he died and was buried. it came into the possession of the Lydians; 3 years later, in 557, it was taken by the Persians; and during the following years the Greeks and Persians were constantly disputing for its possession. Under Claudius in the middle of the 1st cent. The building itself was 425 ft. long and 220 ft. wide; each of its 127 pillars which supported the roof of its colonnade was 60 ft. high; like the temples of Greece, its interior was open to the sky. Perhaps the Asiarchs, not yet aware of all the implications of Christianity, and as yet unhampered by any anti-Christian legislation, were not disturbed by damage to their rivals. Acts 19:1 It happened that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul, having passed through the upper country, came to Ephesus, and found certain disciples. temples, and perhaps was some consolation for the loss of her independence, for it was Croesus who made Ephesus subject to Sardis. It was Ephesus’ opportunity, and a succession of rulers promoted the maintenance of the harbor facilities that the increased volume of trade and traffic demanded. Paul conversed with them, and from the intimacy of almost three years’ experience, warned the little community of tensions to come. Banks. As the guild master by implication admitted, the temple was the core of Ephesus’ commercial prosperity. Ephesus was a significant center of trade, located near a harbor at the mouth of the Cayster River in western Asia Minor. "A part of the site of this once famous city is now occupied by a "small Turkish village, Ayasaluk, which is regarded as a" "corruption of the two Greek words, hagios theologos; i.e., "the" "holy divine." To compromise would ultimately have set Christ, where Emperor Severus ultimately placed him—in a chapel along with the images of Jupiter, Augustus, and Abraham. It is to the temple of Diana, however, that its great wealth and prominence are largely due. Then came a long decline. And he came to Ephesus, and left them there: but he himself entered into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Jews. 2 Timothy 4:12 But I sent Tychicus to Ephesus. The next time Paul came through the city, he found that some people, including “about twelve” men, had become disciples (Acts 19:1, 7).Paul then spent three years in Ephesus (Acts 20:31)—a comparatively long time compared to the lengths of his stays in other areas—preaching the gospel. Ephesus in the Bible: Mary and Paul in Ephesus Ephesus is a very prominent city in the Bible and has remained a place of pilgrimage for Christians since the late 1st century. According to some, John the Apostle brought the Virgin Mary hereafter Jesus’ crucifixion in 33 AD. The church died with the city. “Hagios Theologos”—“The Holy Theologian.” This was corrupted into Ayasoluk, the modern Turkish name for the village that stands near the site of ancient Ephesus. Act 18:19 . There was much for which John could commend the Ephesian Christians; their toil, endurance, discernment, and vigor. By NT times, however, the great days of Ephesus’ trade were long past. x. The harbor works of Ephesus may be traced today seven m. from the sea. This was why Ephesus was chosen by the early Ionian colonists from Athens as a site for their colony. They were joined by the Ionian colonists (Greeks from Athens) by the 10th century B.C. 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