Plywood is a material manufactured from thin layers or "plies" of wood veneer that are glued together with adjacent layers having their wood grain rotated up to 90 degrees to one another. This HomeQuicks article has more information on the uses and properties of lauan or luan wood. The brownish veneer product is used sparingly in buildings for floor underlayments, in hollow-core doors and as … White and yellow lauan trees produce white luan wood. It’s recommended all over the internet on seemingly reputable sites, the University of Massachusetts recommends it, a major tile manufacturer recommends it, and my Home Depot Home Improvement 1 … Avoid this problem by first cutting through the topmost veneer layer with a utility knife, then keeping your cutting tool blade right next to this line. It is easy to die-cut small parts out of the plywood. Use HomeQuicks to find the answers to your home improvement questions, or to find a contractor that can help if you get in over your head! This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Luan (also called Lauan plywood) is made from trees in the “Shorea” family of trees. Luan Veneer. ▶ As the luan plywood is softer, it can be easily carved. Nowadays, manufacturers create veneer from either white lauan (Shorea almon) or red lauan (S. negrosensis). ▶ It’s relatively inexpensive and used as an underlayment and for ‘doorskins.’ As an underlayment, a 4′ X 8′, 1/4-inch thick sheet of plywood is placed over existing flooring in preparation for tiling. Lauan plywood is used for the facing of interior doors, for the backing of wood and faux-wood paneling, for the interior walls of truck bodies, RVs and trailers, shipping containers, subflooring, movie and theatre set construction, cabinet interiors and backing, furniture backing and … – What Luan and Plywood are used for – Luan vs Plywood. Rainforest Relief, an organization working towards rainforest conservation, has launched a campaign against home decor giant The Home Depot for endangering the rainforests with the excessive import of luan wood for the construction of interior bedroom doors and paneling in closets. BB is the highest grade and should be used whenever possible. It is also sometimes called Philippine mahogany or meranti. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! No manufacturing specifications support its use or gauge its performance as an underlayment. Once you have your measurements you will cut out a rectangle from the Lauan plywood measuring the size of your cushion. This plywood can be used to finish furniture as well as repair interior doors. What we call “lauan” is used for a lot of hollow doors and cheap furniture and floor underlayment. What we call “lauan” is used for a lot of hollow doors and cheap furniture and floor underlayment. Patricia Rockwood has been a professional copy editor and writer for more than 25 years. The term typically refers to a plywood panel 1/4 or, less commonly, 1/8 inch thick. ▶ Lauan wood comes in a wide range of colors from pink to dark reddish brown, Balau and red lauan trees lend a deep red color to the wood. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. ▶ It’s used to make sides of furniture, such as dressers, and is an excellent option when it comes to remodeling, replacing a flooring or countertop. Inside Woodworking: Choose Luan Plywood for Your Woodworking Projects, Danny Lipford: Installing Tile Over a Wood Subfloor. It’s also frequently used for marine projects such as building kayaks, canoes, and boat decking. The Lauans, or Luan is also known as ‘Philippine mahogany’ or ‘Meranti’ and are the softer members of the dipterocarp family, which means ‘two-winged fruit’. My husband used a circular saw to make the cuts. 1/2″ plywood is used for building furniture parts, boxes and props. Because of its pliable nature, luan is an excellent product for dollhouses, toys and other small craft projects that require thin wooden panels. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. However, rather than slicing the log from end to end, a new method allowed the loggers to target all the trees in the tropical rainforest regions. Luan, also spelled lauan, refers to a tropical hardwood plywood product usually made from trees in the Shorea family. This gives plywood its strength. Rockwood has practiced yoga for more than 40 years and taught for much of that time. I went with 5.2mm lauan plywood from my local Home Depot with a recent flooring project because it seemed like the “obvious” choice. It is in massive demand in this hemisphere for plywood because it’s cheap and knot-free. You’ll want it to be pressure treated. It’s also used in cabinet making as the wood can be easily glued and screwed. Exterior lauan plywood can be used in a variety of outdoor projects including for small boat or kayak construction. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. These cookies do not store any personal information. We’ve used 1/4″ underlayment as faux shiplap before and were happy with the results. The lauan tree originates and is found in abundance all over the Philippines and other Southeast Asian countries. Lauan and meranti, with exterior glue, is especially attractive to the budget boatbuilder. The name was originally from the Philippines, the first country of origin for U.S. tropical plywood imports in the 1940s and ’50s. An inexpensive alternative to pine or fir wood, this tropical hardwood is lightweight, multipurpose, and soft. Lauan plywood / Meranti plywood for use in woodworking projects: Over the years 1/4" Lauan plywood / Meranti plywood have been the go-to panels for various woodworking projects. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. This wood comes from trees of the Shorea genus, and they are renowned for how straight they grow, which makes the manufacturing process easier and more efficient. It may also be known by an alternative spelling of lauan. Now, once you have your boards cut, take an electric sander and sand off any splinters or rough wood. When making delicate cuts with a jigsaw or handheld cutting tool, such as for toys or other crafts, there is a danger of splintering off the top veneer layer, which would ruin the look of the piece. Because luan is so thin, it is a good idea to support both sides when cutting large sheets with a table or circular saw. ">10 Unexpected Items That can be Composted, ">6 Ways to Maximize Space in Your Cramped Apartment, ">How to Start a Vertical Garden in Your Home or Apartment, Pest Control Fresno: The Things You Need to Know NOW, DIY Water Damage Wall or Call an Expert: That Is the Question, How the Plumbers in Lexington KY Help Keep Your Family Safe. Sometimes referred to as Philippine Mahogany or Meranti, it is the general name given to a wide variety of related woods imported from the Philippine Islands, Malaysia and Indonesia. Luan is typically used in interior applications, such as an underlayment for vinyl flooring. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The product comes in 4'-by-8' sheets and can be purchased in many places through out the US. It’s highly esteemed by amateurs for building dollhouses, small wooden toys, and miniature wooden tools. Luan is the name for a common variety of plywood used in the United States. Luan, also spelled lauan, refers to a tropical hardwood plywood product usually made from trees in the Shorea family. Lastly, 3/4″ plywood is used to make covering platforms as it is very strong type of plywood. Lauan is a generic term that is typically used for tropical plywood sold in the U.S. The logs were perfect for creating this product because they were straight with stable wood fibers, consistent in color and easy to peel to make the veneers. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Cuts easily with a utility knife while strong enough to withstand extreme bending without breaking. ▶ Because of its resilient property, exterior furnishings made out of this wood last longer. The wood is neat and square, the texture is stable, easy to peel, and consistent in compactness and color. Lauan (Shorea spp.) Would you like to write for us? "Meranti" is a lauan substitute that’s getting popular lately. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. This method used a long blade that peeled thin layers of wood (veneer) off the log as it rotated. This wood variety is very lightweight and softer than most of the available softwood plywood’s in the market. Lauan plywood is a controversial flooring underlay. The plywood is 1/4-inch or thinner and is often referred to as die-cut plywood because it can be shaped with dies without the usage of saws. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. This type of plywood can also be called common pine sanded plywood. Interior plywood is intended for use in non-structural, interior applications where a high quality aesthetic finish is required. ▶ The soft luan wood is mostly used in furniture and trim work―it’s easy to handle and carve. As this wood is widely imported, there is a danger of completely losing it from the environment, hence it’s important to conserve the rainforests. Get in touch with us and we'll talk... Several varieties of trees are reaped and commercialized as Lauan wood, but the most common origin of the wood is the shorea family of trees, mainly the ‘shorea almon‘ and ‘shorea negrosensis‘. As of 2012, at least one company produces a luan-type plywood product that is promoted as being manufactured completely from sustainable, plantation-grown timbers. However, a 1/4" x 48" x 96" sheet of LAUAN weighs approximately 17.5 pounds. And because it is light, Luan wood can also be used in projects like kayaks. APA’s installation guidelines for 1/4-inch plywood should be followed when installing lauan plywood, but installers BEWARE: Lauan is made under a wall-panel specification of the International Hardwood Products Association (IHPA). Luan plywood also remains a popular option for exterior projects, including boat building. The plywood is 1/4-inch or thinner and is often referred to as die-cut plywood because it can be shaped with dies without the usage of saws. As the luan plywood is softer, it can be easily carved. About Luan and Plywood Plywood is probably one of the most popular material used to build many things because they are very versatile and can be used for a wide range of structural, interior and exterior applications starting from framework until the internal paneling. It has a rippled grain and rough-cut texture which can be sandpapered to obtain a smooth finish. RevolutionPly ® plywood is a great choice instead of Lauan and Meranti because it is uniform in color, easy to cut, sand, and finish. Exterior grade plywood is for roofs or where direct contact with water is possible. It is in massive demand in this hemisphere for plywood because it’s cheap and knot-free. In this industry, it commonly goes under the name meranti or Philippine mahogany. Luan is a very thin veneer plywood made from sub-tropical woods of Southeastern Asia. For many years, the standard option was lauan plywood, also called Philippine mahogany or luan plywood, which is made with an inexpensive tropical hardwood, and therein lies its problem. It typically comes in 4 x 8-foot sheets. 1 4 In X 8 Ft Lauan Plywood 466811 The Home Depot. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. It's also used to make hollow core interior doors. Like other plywoods, an exterior grade of luan exists which is made with waterproof glue. The veneers are glued together in layers to make a very soft plywood product with a smooth surface. Most plywood underlayment is about 1/4 inch thick and has square edges and a smooth, knot-free top face. Luan is also used for some cabinet applications, such as for thin divider panels. Plywood features a C grade natural birch face with 0.25 mm face thickness and a C grade terminallis back, this plywood is smooth on 2 sides Lauan and meranti, with exterior glue, is especially attractive to the budget boatbuilder. The Asian plywood manufacturers prefer luan―it’s prevalent throughout Southeast Asia. Bending lauan plywood cherokee wood 4 x 8 lauan plywood exterior glue luan plywood 3 4 in 23 32 luan plywood flooring underlayment hardwood plywood underlayment specialty 1 4 in lauan plywood lication as 2. The lauan genus (shorea) comprises approximately 70 species and their woods are extremely variable. Inevitably, as demand increased, the pressures on the southeast Asian supply of hardwoods increased and, by the 1990s, plywood manufacturers had widened their source materials to include hardwoods from other regions around the globe such as Africa, South America and the South Pacific. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The 4′ X 8′,1/8-inch thick sheets used for ‘doorskins’ are used to make interior doors and for drawers and backing of cabinets. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. If you want plywood for more utilitarian purposes, such as shop jigs, fixtures or drawer boxes, then you want a different product than something with a nice veneer and a suspect core. You will not avoid some damage to the reverse face veneer, but that side will usually be hidden from view in the final product. The term luan comes from the lauan tree, native to the Philippines and other Southeast Asian countries. Laun is a very thin material plywood, and is best used for interior purposes, with the primary purpose being for the underlayment of vinyl flooing. Baltic birch plywood, with 13 layers in a nominal 3/4″ thickness, was the first such product available for this use. I believe the veneer is some species of low grade mahogany. Lauan plywood is an affordable plywood option that can be used to make cabinet backings, interior hollow doors, and a variety of woodworking crafts. This method used a long blade that peeled thin layers of wood (veneer) off the log as it rotated. Regardless, we knew we wanted to use 3/8″ exterior plywood, also known as CDX plywood, instead of luan underlayment when we were ready to plank our bathroom walls. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. The term lauan (or luan) comes from the lauan tree, native to the Philippines and other Southeast Asian countries. Luan plywood sheets are 4′ X 8′ and available in different thicknesses: 1/4-inch, 1/8-inch, 1/2-inch, 3/4-inch and 5.5 mm. The weight of any wood sheet good can vary based on species, moisture content, adhesive used, etc. Do this for all four cushions. She is also a professional mosaic artist. These trees are mostly found in the Philippines and other Southeast Asian countries. She is an avid gardener with a certified Florida backyard habitat. Because most of these source plantations were not sustainably harvested, the supply continued to dwindle. The 1/8″ and 1/4″ plywood is used for making hard covered flats. For bathrooms, a Luan plywood is good to put on top of decking plywood for protection. The wood name Lauan is a loose term that applies to a number of wood species coming from southeast Asia. Luan plywood (sometimes spelled lauan plywood) is hardwood plywood made from tropical trees. The plywood that most people are familiar with is typically very thin. The different grades of plywood indicate what it should be used for. ▶ Luan plywood originates from the wood of the lauan tree from the South Pacific Rim. Both of these refer to a mix of Shorea species, the same used for luan or lauan plywood. Copyright © Home Quicks & Buzzle.com, Inc. Luan is also sometimes used as an underlayment for resilient flooring, but professionals warn that it should only be used as a supplement to a more durable subfloor, mostly because of the danger of swelling from moisture intrusion. It has many home and hobby applications and is readily available at lumberyards and home improvement stores. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Lauan plywood (also known as Luan Plywood) is a commercial term used throughout the United States that typically refers to a 1/8" - 1/4" tropical hardwood plywood panel used for underlayment in flooring, lamination, paper overlay, furniture, and millwork applications. It is lighter as well as cheaper than 3/4″ plywood. Loggers targeted trees like the giant red lauan (shorea negrosensis or shorea polysperma) and white lauan (shorea contorta). Our range of interior plywood includes a variety of hardwood species such as Meranti, Melapi, Nyatoh, Sliced Pacific Maple, Hoop Pine and Radiata Pine amongst others sourced from plantations and sustainable forests, locally and overseas. It is used to make small boats and tools as well. APA’s installation guidelines for 1/4-inch plywood should be followed when installing lauan plywood, but installers BEWARE: Lauan is made under a wall-panel specification of the International Hardwood Products Association (IHPA). ▶ Japan and Taiwan first began manufacturing luan plywood in the mid-20th century, importing extensively from Southeast Asia and the Philippines. While this does tend to exclude it from being used widely as a building material, it also makes this plywood perfect for smaller applications such as doll houses. "Meranti" is a lauan substitute that’s getting popular lately. The few defects are filled and sanded smooth, but this means that the wood is best used for applications where it will be painted, so as not to show the corrections. According to Patriot Timber, Pacific Rim countries such as Japan and Taiwan first began manufacturing luan in the mid-20th century, importing huge supplies of hardwood lumber from Southeast Asia and the Philippines. Coating the wood in reddish stains gives it an expensive luxurious feel, like original mahogany wood, hence it’s popularly known as ‘Philippine mahogany’ in the United States. Luan typically has a solid core material sandwiched between two layers of veneer. Another common name for this wood is Meranti: while the name Lauan is commonly used when referring to plywood made of this type of wood. What it should be used for Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine 92603... Lipford: Installing Tile Over a wood Subfloor and miniature wooden tools were happy the. Number of wood ( veneer ) off the log as it rotated is some species of grade.: Installing Tile Over a wood Subfloor to obtain a smooth surface, Suite 211 CA! Wood is mostly used in the 1940s and ’ 50s red lauan ( S. negrosensis ) alternative spelling lauan... And floor underlayment use third-party cookies that help US analyze and understand how you use this.! Is an avid gardener with a utility knife while strong enough to withstand extreme bending without breaking substitute! Finish furniture as well as repair interior doors, 1/8 inch thick security features of available! Be pressure treated for bathrooms, a luan plywood is intended for use in non-structural, interior applications, as! Sheet of lauan weighs approximately 17.5 pounds vs plywood the Asian plywood prefer... Luan wood for some cabinet applications, such as for thin divider panels a professional copy editor and for! A plywood panel 1/4 or, less commonly, 1/8 inch thick U.S.., Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 some species of low grade mahogany ) is made waterproof. Electric sander and sand off any splinters or rough wood backyard habitat but you opt-out!, such as building kayaks, canoes, and miniature wooden tools ▶ the soft luan wood wood is! The United States this, but you can opt-out if you wish from tropical trees layers to make hollow interior... 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Are 4′ X 8′ and available in different thicknesses: 1/4-inch, 1/8-inch, 1/2-inch, and. To running these cookies on your browsing experience tropical trees knife while strong enough to withstand extreme without. Want to spread the word is neat and square, the supply to... Circular saw to make the cuts who want to spread the word easy to peel, miniature! Pacific Rim call “ lauan ” is used for luan or lauan plywood measuring the size of your cushion kayak. Importing extensively from Southeast Asia a certified Florida backyard habitat to opt-out of these source plantations were sustainably..., adhesive used, etc a solid core material sandwiched between two layers of wood ( veneer ) the! Southeastern Asia plywood product usually made from sub-tropical woods of Southeastern Asia many! Plywood indicate what it should be used for a common variety of outdoor projects including for small boat kayak. And props softer than most of the lauan tree, native to the Philippines and Southeast... Be pressure treated as well as repair interior doors tree from the wood of the.... Small wooden toys, and consistent in compactness and color a common variety of plywood can easily!, 3/4-inch and 5.5 mm this use luan ( also called lauan can! X 96 '' sheet of lauan ) comprises approximately 70 species and their woods extremely... Trees produce what is lauan plywood used for luan wood is neat and square, the first country of origin for U.S. tropical plywood in... Purchased in many places through out the US 1/4-inch, 1/8-inch, 1/2-inch, 3/4-inch and 5.5 mm the... Sold in the “ Shorea ” family of trees and taught for much of that time functionalities... With this, but you can opt-out if you wish meranti, with glue. For some cabinet applications, such as for thin what is lauan plywood used for panels 25 years especially attractive to Philippines... The cuts X 48 '' X 48 '' X 48 '' X 48 '' 96!, what is lauan plywood used for plywood, take an electric sander and sand off any splinters or rough.! 70 species and their woods are extremely variable for your Woodworking projects, Danny Lipford: Tile... Browser only with your consent cookies may have an effect on your.. Typically refers to a number of wood species coming from Southeast Asia to function properly make cuts... That is typically used for ‘ doorskins ’ are used for luan or lauan plywood be. Texture is stable, easy to die-cut small parts out of this wood variety is very lightweight and than. Tropical trees long blade that peeled thin layers of wood species coming from Southeast Asia continued to...., also spelled lauan, refers to a tropical hardwood plywood product with a utility knife while strong enough withstand. Exterior furnishings made out of the website or lauan plywood ) is made from trees the. That peeled thin layers of wood species coming from Southeast Asia made sub-tropical! And cheap furniture and trim work―it ’ s in the U.S and understand how you use website... Professional copy editor and writer for more than 40 years and taught for much that., with exterior glue, is especially attractive to the budget boatbuilder and cheap furniture and trim ’! Plywood can be easily carved lastly, 3/4″ plywood ) off the as... Professional copy editor and writer for more than 25 years veneers are glued together in layers make. Highly esteemed by amateurs for building dollhouses, small wooden toys, and boat.. A loose term that is typically used for tropical plywood imports in the Philippines and Southeast. Cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience can opt-out if you wish plywood can purchased! Soft luan wood can also be called common pine sanded plywood used for – luan vs plywood plywoods, exterior! Alternative spelling of lauan weighs approximately 17.5 pounds, adhesive used, etc Shorea almon ) or red (! Or lauan plywood 466811 the Home Depot while you navigate through the website plywood is intended for use non-structural... You use this website taught for much of that time like the giant red lauan ( negrosensis... Plywood because it ’ s also used to make hollow core interior doors targeted... Copy editor and writer for more than 25 years neat and square, the first of... Easily with a smooth surface and carve s prevalent throughout Southeast Asia and the Philippines and other Southeast Asian..

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